Altynay Abdizhamil from Nazarbayev Intellectual School in Kyzylorda proposes to use thuja, Elaeagnus oxycarpa, tamorisk in gardening as a preventive measure for infectious diseases. After conducting research, in a comparative analysis of the phytoncide activity of wild plants of the Kyzylorda region, the young researcher compiled a list of the “plant antibiotics” that are most resistant to the climate conditions of the region, which could reduce the incidence of tuberculosis.
Altynay has chosen the topic for the scientific project because of the tuberculosis incidence rates among the people. Also, the growth of this disease was noted among children of the Kyzylorda region, which is 1.5 times higher than the average for the Republic. Having studied the problems concerning this disease, Altynay, together with the project supervisor, Dariga Munarbaeva, found a solution in the prevention of this disease, through gardening with wild plants which have the greatest phytoncide activity.
“Phytoncides are immunity substances that can inhibit the development and increase of microorganisms. The leaves of black poplar, Elaeagnus oxycarpa, tamarisk, maple, silver poplar, acacia, harmala, chicory, white Haloxylon have been taken to carry out the work. We investigated their effects on microorganisms and some insects” said the young biologist.
Every day Altynay conducted observations on the objects of study, and investigated the influence of the phytoncide properties of plants on the dysentery amoeba, hay stick, whitefly butterfly, beetle, woodlouse and ant. The results showed that the greatest effect was from silver poplar, Elaeagnus oxycarpa, tamarisk (rower). Phytoncides of wild grass chicory plants and harmony adversely affect the vital activity of bacteria (hay bacillus) by inhibiting them. And the phytoncides of wild herbaceous chicory plants and harmala negatively affect the vital activity of the pest of houseplants, butterflies.
“Having obtained the results, we concluded that the most active phytoncide properties belong to such plants as harmala, chicory, Elaeagnus oxycarpa, tamarix, poplar turangyla. Their use in gardening, especially in the territory of children's institutions, is not only economically beneficial, but at the same time they can be used as a natural component for the prevention of infectious diseases” project supervisor Dariga Munarbayeva explained.
In addition, the authors of the project suggest using plants with phytoncide properties as pest control of indoor plants in school premises and classrooms.
The high importance of the project has already been appreciated by scientists in Almaty. Altynay has won the second place at the republican network competition of scientific projects.